Land of hills


The Collio DOC area stretches across just over 1,500 hectares of hillsides in the north of the province of Gorizia.

The soils of San Floriano del Collio date back to the Middle and Lower Eocene, and consist mainly of sedimentary sandstone marls. Blue-grey to yellowish marl, thin layers of sandstone, and a combination of both, create a brown or olive-brown soil with good texture. It is subalkaline, with a pH between 7.3 and 8, low in limestsone, but well drained. Root depth of 50 to 100-150 centimetres allows the vines to avoid water stress during dry summer months, enhancing grape quality.

The climate is temperate,with moderately warm summers and mild winters. Average annual temperatures range between 13 and 14.5°C. Annual rainfall amounts to approximately 1350-1400 mm, mainly concentrated in the autumn and spring. More than 50% of the annual rainfall occurs during the growing period of the vines, between April and September. The area benefits from thermal breezes and the mitigating influence of the Julian Prealps from the north, which along with the proximity to the Adriatic, create an ideal mesoclimate for viticulture.

Our vineyards are located on terraces, locally known as “plante,” on the slopes of San Floriano del Collio, between 100 and 180 meters above sea level, with gradients of 10-20% and grass cover to prevent erosion. Plant density varies between 3000-6000 vines per hectare. Older vines are trained on the double-arch system and younger ones on single Guyot.  Cluster thinning ensures low yields across the estate.